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Papers and Book Chapters

Proal AD, Marshall TG. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in the Era of the Human Microbiome: Persistent Pathogens Drive Chronic Symptoms by Interfering With Host Metabolism, Gene Expression, and Immunity Frontiers in Neurology, December 2018

Proal AD, Marshall TG. Re-framing the Theory of Autoimmunity in the Era of the Microbiome: Persistent Pathogens, Autoantibodies, and Molecular Mimicry. Discovery Medicine 2018 Jun;25(140):299-308

Proal AD, Lindseth IA, Marshall TG. Microbe-microbe and host-microbe interactions drive microbiome dysbiosis and inflammatory processesDiscovery Medicine, (124):51-60

Marshall, TG, Rumann Heil, TG. Electrosmog and autoimmune diseaseImmunologic Research, February 2017, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 129–135 

Proal AD, Albert PJ, Marshall TG. Infection, autoimmunity, and vitamin D. eds. Shoenfeld Y, Rose NR. Infection and autoimmunity. 2014; 163-82.

Proal AD, Albert PJ, Marshall TG. Inflammatory disease and the human microbiome. Discovery Medicine. 2014 May;17(95):257-65.

Proal AD, Albert PJ, Marshall TG, Blaney GP, Lindseth IA. Immunostimulation in the treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis. Immunol Res. 2013 Jul;56(2-3):398-412.

Proal AD, Albert PJ, Marshall TG. The human microbiome and autoimmunity. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2013 Mar;25(2):234-40. doi: 10.1097/BOR.0b013e32835cedbf. PubMed PMID: 23370376.

Proal AD, Albert PJ, Blaney GP, Lindseth IA, Benediktsson C, Marshall TG. Immunostimulation in the era of the metagenome. Cell Mol Immunol. 2011 May;8(3):213-25. doi: 10.1038/cmi.2010.77. Epub 2011 Jan 31. Review. PubMed PMID: 21278764.

Proal AD, Albert PJ, Marshall TG. Autoimmune disease and the human metagenome. ed. Nelson KE. Metagenomics of the human body. 2010; 231-75.

Blaney GP, Albert PJ, Proal AD. Vitamin D metabolites as clinical markers in autoimmune and chronic disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Sep;1173:384-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04875. PubMed PMID: 19758177.

Proal AD, Albert PJ, Marshall TG. Dysregulation of the vitamin D nuclear receptor may contribute to the higher prevalence of some autoimmune diseases in women. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Sep;1173:252-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04672.x. PubMed PMID: 19758159.

Proal AD, Albert PJ, Marshall T. Autoimmune disease in the era of the metagenome. Autoimmun Rev. 2009 Jul;8(8):677-81. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2009.02.016. Epub 2009 Feb 13. Review. PubMed PMID: 19393196.

Albert PJ, Proal AD, Marshall TG. Vitamin D: the alternative hypothesis. Autoimmun Rev. 2009 Jul;8(8):639-44. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2009.02.011. Epub 2009 Feb 12. PubMed PMID: 19393200.